Periodontitis is the most common form of periodontal disease, affecting over 75% of all Americans over 35. This is a condition that affects both men and women equally. It is defined by bone loss around the teeth and is caused by gum inflammation and infection. Although symptoms can appear as early as adolescence, the disease is usually identified in the fourth or fifth decade of life due to its progressive, cumulative nature. Checkout Bergens Periodontics & Implant Dentistry of Daytona for more info. Without treatment, the infection erodes the jawbone that supports the teeth over time. The erosion weakens the ligaments (attachments) and loosens the teeth, causing them to fall out on their own or require extraction.
Deep pockets loaded with plaque can cause a bad taste in the mouth and are extremely difficult to clean. The exposed root surfaces of the teeth become extremely sensitive to warmth and cold as the condition advances. Furthermore, exposed root surfaces lack protective enamel, making them more vulnerable to cavities.
Periodontitis comes in a variety of forms.
There are five different forms of periodontitis, with chronic periodontitis being the most frequent. Here’s a quick rundown of each:
1) Chronic Periodontitis – This type of periodontitis is characterised by the formation of periodontal pockets over time. It’s also divided into localised and generalised versions, as well as mild, moderate, and severe levels of devastation.
2) Aggressive Periodontitis – This type of periodontitis entails a rapid loss of periodontal attachment in relation to the patient’s age. It’s also divided into localised and generalised versions, as well as mild, moderate, and severe levels of devastation. It’s most common in adolescence, and it can run in families. There could be an underlying immune system problem.
3) Periodontitis as a Symptom of Systemic Disease-Patients with specific blood disorders (for example, leukaemia) or genetic diseases (for example, Down syndrome) are more likely to develop periodontitis. This is frequently linked to the body’s diminished ability to fight infection (immunosuppression).
4) Necrotizing Ulcerative Periodontitis (NUP)-This type of periodontitis is characterised by a quick onset of discomfort and bone loss, as well as gum ulcerations and foul breath. Malnutrition, psychological stress, smoking, lack of sleep, and an overall inability to fight infection are all factors that play a role. After troops returning from the trenches of World War I, NUP was dubbed “trench mouth.”
5) Periodontitis Associated with Endodontic Lesions-Bone loss can occur at the root tip when a tooth becomes infected and requires a root canal or endodontic therapy.